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PRODUCE & FLOWERS

Spruill Farm Conservation Project Produce and Flowers Application

Farmer: Jack Spruill
Farm: Spruill Farm Conservation Project

Website: http://www.spruillfarm.org
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/spruillfarm
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Application Date:

City: Roper, NC

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown (CNG) program:
The farm has 23 highly productive fig bushes. They have been on the farm since at least 1914. They receive no herbicides, pesticides, chemical fertilizers, lime or human watering. They obviously like the soil type and natural food elements in it. Currently I give the figs to anyone who will pick them. Even so many go to waste each August and September. I am seeking persons who will accept my donated figs, pick and market them to food stores or at farmers' markets. I think having this Certified Naturally Grown certification should help in that marketing. Further, I hope that many of the 75 acres of land rented to a row crop farmer will be taken over by produce farmers who will seek Certified Naturally Grown designation for those acres. I am sure that having this Certified Naturally Grown designation for these fig bushes will encourage that process.

Are you currently third-party-certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc.)?
No
If yes, please note which certification and agency:
No
Have you held any certification/s in the past that you don't currently hold?  No
Note which agencies and dates:

Have you ever been denied certification? No
If yes, please note which agencies, and reasons for denial:





1.0
Do you have other acreage in "Conventional" Agricultural Systems?

List what you are growing conventionally and explain why these crops are excluded from certification.

General Listed Acreage Breakdown

Of the acreage that you want listed as CNG, list the number of acres you have in each crop category.

Vegetables: 0
Fruit: 1
Cut Flowers:
Hay: 0
Grains: 75
Dry Beans:
Sugarbush: 0
Other Acreage: 0

Check all items you grow and would like to market as CNG.: Tree Fruits, Other

Specify other items: figs

Specify other primary crop:
Specify any other items you'd like listed as CNG:
List any crops you grow that will not be listed as CNG, and explain why you’re not seeking to certify them.

Check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you).: market_markets, market_stands, market_restaurants, market_csas, market_grocers

Specify other markets:
coops, As stated above, my hope is that the figs will be marketed to some combination of the above marketing outlets.

Farmland Management & Practices


Describe how you prepare your ground for planting.
The is no tillage. Competing vegetation (AKA weeds!) are controlled by mowing and hand removal.
Do you use Cover Crops? No
List the cover crop species you use:

Do you use Compost? No





Do you use Manure? No
List your general manure sources:
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range.
What time of year do you apply the manure?
Do you apply any manure within 120 days of edible crop harvesting?
Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (rock powders, lime, alfalfa meal, fertilizer mixes, etc.) For each product, list the full name, manufacturer, and OMRI status. none used
How do you decide which inputs (fertilizers, pest/disease control products, etc.) to use on your farm? How will you determine if an input is allowed for use in CNG production?
Have any chemical fertilizers been applied to the fields you are seeking Certification for in the last three years (36 months)? No
According to CNG guidelines, it is acceptable to apply OMRI-listed, chelated synthetic fertilizers to correct specific micronutrient imbalances only if micronutrient deficiency is documented in a recent soil or tissue test. Does the application of this fertilizer meet those requirements?
Specify types, amounts and application dates:
Have any non-acceptable pesticides and/or herbicides been applied to these fields in the last three years?No
If yes, then please specify type and most recent application date:
Do you use Professional Soil Testing services? No
In detail, describe your primary weed problems AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual weed challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used.
Grass around the bushes is controlled by mowing. Within the bushes there are some challenges from honeysuckle, trumpet vine,and smilex species of vines. Since the fig bushes are so dense, most of the potential competing vegetation / weeds are shaded out. We do not use any herbicides of any type within or around the bushes. Most of the vine cutting is done in the winter when one can see clearly any vines that are seeking to be get established.
In detail, describe your primary insect challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual pest challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used.
The figs are targets of wasps and other sweet eating insects. They mostly attack overripe figs or figs that have spoiled or split open because of rain. The only thing we do to decrease this activity is to knock some of the overripe, spoiled or split figs off the bushes. We do not use any pesticides. Fig roots are major hosts for nematodes. However, we do nothing to fight back. Some of the weaker bushes may show some stress from drought in dry summers because the nematodes are damaging the feeder roots.
In detail, describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual disease challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used.
The foliage of the bushes seem to be vulnerable to a rust late in the summer. It is not a major issue. Anyway, by the time the rust begins to appear, the fig fruit crop is mostly over. We do not apply anything to fight the rust.
Please list any weed, pest, or disease products that you use (insecticidal soap, horticultural vinegar, copper, etc.). For each product, list the full name, manufacturer, and OMRI status.
Please list the water source you use for crop irrigation. If source is public river, pond or lake, please note the name: We use no irrigation. Simply rely on rain.
Are there any known contaminants in the irrigation water?
If yes, please explain:

Microgreens & Sprouts

Please fill this out for your indoor operation only.

Provide a brief description of your operation. (square footage? in a greenhouse or other indoor setting? etc.)

Are any of your crops sprouted and/or grown without soil or substrate? Use the link below to view our guidance on sprouts vs. microgreens.
For sprouts, we require that all seeds are organic or CNG. If you grow or decide to grow sprouts, will you purchase only organic and/or CNG seed for your sprout crop?
What media are you using to grow your microgreens and/or sprouts? 

If you purchase potting mix or soilless media, list the product name, manufacturer, and OMRI status. If you make your own, list the ingredients.

Describe the mats or other substrate you are using. Provide product names.

What type of trays are you using in your operation?
What is your general irrigation set-up? Does water recirculate? What is the source of the water?

Although pests and disease are certainly less common for microgreens operations, there are still issues such as fungal gnats and damping off. What measures do you use to prevent pest and disease pressures?

How do you dispose of spent soil? Do you compost?

Is your operation fully indoors?
Are you growing any crops outside in the soil?

Maple

Are you a maple producer who seeks to certify your sugarbush?
Maple sap is considered a wild crop. CNG's Wild Crop Harvesting Standard states that wild crop must be harvested in a manner that ensures that such harvesting or gathering will not be destructive to the environment and will sustain the growth and production of the wild crop. Please briefly describe any steps you take to protect and ensure the sustainability of your sugarbush.

Do you use an organic de-foamer? custom_field:pf_dump_nearby$$
Over-tapping trees can stunt their growth. Do you (or will you) adhere to the Cornell Sugar Maple Research & Extension Program guidelines which state "trees 10-17 inches in diameter (31-53 inch circumference) should have no more than one tap. A tree 18-24 inches in diameter (57-75 inch circumference) should have no more than two taps. A tree larger than 25 inches in diameter (79-inch circumference) should have no more than three taps."
To maximize tree health and sap production, CNG supports Cornell's recommendation that all taps are 5/16" in diameter or smaller. Is this your practice, and if not, would you be willing to transition to 5/16" (or smaller) taps within the next three years? Please elaborate.

Seeds & Transplants

CNG certification requires the use of certified organic or CNG seeds whenever available. Please indicate the suppliers from which you source (or will source) your seeds. The CNG seed standard also applies to sweet potato slips, seed potatoes, day-neutral strawberry slips, and flower bulbs, corms, and tubers.

Please indicate, by typing your initials, that you will as a general rule purchase organically grown seeds, AND that you will only purchase conventional seed when the variety you wish to grow is not available in certified organic or CNG form. For each variety purchased in conventional form, you will identify (and keep records of) at least three commercial organic seed suppliers who do not carry that variety.
Do you purchase or grow using any Genetically Modified seeds?
Do you use any chemically treated seeds in your operation?
If yes, please list types:
Please note reason for purchasing treated seed:


Do you grow your own transplants?
Do you purchase potting soil, or do you mix your own on the farm? 
What ingredients does your potting mix contain? If you purchase a mix, please also indicate which product.

Are all of your transplants grown according to CNG standards, without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? 
If any transplants are not grown according to CNG standards, please list them here. These products may not be marketed as CNG.

Do you source any transplants from off your farm?
From which suppliers do you source transplants?

How have you confirmed with your supplier that the transplants are grown without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents?
Please list any bought-in transplants not grown according to CNG standards. This produce may not be sold as Certified Naturally Grown (except, in the case of perennials, after twelve months of CNG cultivation).

Chemical/Spray Drift and Buffers:

Is there any likelihood of Chemical/Spray drift contamination of your fields?
If yes, please state the source (conventional farm field, golf course, neighbor's lawn, etc.) and any details you can provide (type of pesticide, fertilizer, herbicide used and/or what used for).

Do you have an adequate buffer to protect yourself from potential contamination?
Please refer to the CNG Buffer FAQ below and explain why your buffers are not adequate.
Please describe your buffer. Be as specific as possible and include buffer widths. On all sides, how far is it from your crops to the next closest use (road, conventional crop, residential yard)? Be sure to specify what is grown on neighboring land that is in agricultural use. For example: To the north and east, a wooded area of at least 100 yards separates us from the neighbor's corn fields, to the south is a fallow field at least 100 yards deep separating us from the road, and to the west about 60 feet separates our crops from a field where conventional corn and soybeans are grown.

Agreements

Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by typing your initials into each corresponding text box.
 
I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that produce not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally Grown. TRUE
I understand that I have to complete at least one (and hopefully more) Certification Inspection(s) of another farm in my area each year and will abide by the trading and repeat rules within the CNG Inspection Guidelines. TRUE
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. I understand that if I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. TRUE
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm:
There a photos of the fig bushes on the web site and the Facebook page.
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